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Tuesday, May 28, 2013

How to Make the Best Steaks - How to Cook - Cook’s Country

How to Make the Best Steaks - How to Cook - Cook’s Country:

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HOW TO COOK GUIDE

How to Make the Best Steaks

Few foods are as enticing as a perfectly cooked steak. In this guide we cover common supermarket cuts of steak, our all-time favorite steak recipes, as well as the cooking techniques and gear you’ll need to know to make steaks the right way, everytime.
We walk you though the key techniques you’ll need to make any of our steak recipes.

MAKING A PERFECT GRILLED STEAK

  • 1. TRIM STEAKS
    To keep flare-ups to a minimum, use a sharp knife to trim any hard, white fat from the perimeter of the steaks. Leave no more than 1/8 inch of fat.

  • 2. PAT DRY
    Pat both sides of the steaks dry with paper towels—the first step to a beautiful crust, which is the hallmark of a perfect grilled steak.

  • 3. SALT AND RUB
    Next, rub the steaks on both sides with a mixture of equal parts salt and moisture-absorbing cornstarch. The salt both seasons the steak and draws moisture to the surface.




  • 4. STASH IN FREEZER
    Freeze the steaks, uncovered, for 30 minutes. The moisture drawn out by the salt evaporates in the dry environment of the freezer. Drier surface = better crust = better steak.

  • 5. HEAT GRILL GRATE
    Preheat the grill to keep the steaks from sticking. For gas, turn all the burners to high, then cover. For charcoal, place the grate over the hot hot coals and heat, cover, for five minutes.

  • 6. CLEAN GRILL GRATE
    Before you start cooking, use a grill brush to scrape off any stuck-on food from the grill. Grilling on a grate encrusted with the remnants of last night's dinner is like cooking in a dirty pan.

  • 7. OIL GRILL GRATE
    Oiling the grill grate also prevents the steaks from sticking. Dip a wad of paper towels in vegetable oil, grab the wad with grill tongs, and then brush the grate.

  • 8. START ON HOT SIDE
    Sear the steaks on the hot side of the grill, undisturbed, for two to three minutes. If you're grilling a porterhouse or T-bone, place the tenderloin side nearer the cool side of the grill.

  • 9. FLIP AFTER BROWNING
    Don't move the steaks before the crust has formed. Give the steaks a wiggle: If they don't release easily, leave them alone until the do. Brown the second side for another two or three minutes.

  • 10. MOVE TO COOL SIDE
    Once the steaks are well browned on both sides, slide them to the cool side of the grill and continue cooking until they reach your preferred degree of doneness.

  • 11. CHECK DONENESS
    Insert an instant-read-thermometer into the side of the steaks. Take them off the grill at 120 degrees for rare, 125 for medium-rare, and 135 for medium.

  • 12. GIVE IT A REST
    Put the steaks on a plate, cover loosely with foil, and let them rest for five minutes to let the flavorful juices redistribute; if you slice the steaks right away, some juices will run out.

MAKING A PERFECT PAN-SEARED STEAK

This simple pan-searing technique produces perfect steaks—everytime.
  • PAT DRY
    Browning steaks develops flavor and is a crucial step, and dry steaks brown better than wet steaks. Blot the steak dry with paper towels just before putting it on the skillet. And season the steak right before cooking. That way the salt can flavor the food without drawing out moisture, which would inhibit browning.
  • HEAT OIL & BROWN STEAKS
    Pour a tablespoon of vegetable oil into your skillet and heat the pan over medium high heat until you see wisps of smoke. Don’t use olive oil, as it has a lower smoke point and will start to burn before your pan is hot enough to cook your steaks. 
    Brown the steaks on the first side for about four minutes or so. Don’t move the steaks until they have chance for the crust to form. You’ll know a crust has formed because the steak will lift off the pan with little to no resistance.  Flip the steaks over and continue to cook to desired doneness, 4 to 6 minutes longer.
  • TRANSFER TO PLATE
    Transfer the steaks to a clean plate, tent loosely with foil, and let rest for 5 minutes. While the steaks rest, the proteins within it will relax and do a better job of holding onto the steak’s precious juices.

MAKING A PERFECT PAN SAUCE

A pan sauce—made with just a handful of ingredients and in a matter of minutes—can look and taste nearly as rich as a classic, labor-intensive French sauce. The base of a pan sauce is the fond, or browned bits, clinging to the bottom of the skillet after sautéing or searing meat, poultry, or fish. Once the food is removed from the skillet, aromatics such as minced shallots can be sautéed; then, in a process called deglazing, liquid—usually wine, homemade stock (or canned broth), or broth—is added and the fond is scraped up. The liquid is simmered and reduced to concentrate flavors, thickened and, in a final (sometimes optional) step, the reduction is enriched and slightly thickened by whisking in butter.

    COMMON STEAK PITFALLS

    Few things are more frustrating than anticipating a nicely browned, juicy steak only to find yourself gnawing at a dried-out, pale, or flavorless one.
    • WET AND PALE
      Dry it! Steak that is put on the grill when its exterior is wet never will develop color.

    • CRUSTY BUT RAW
      Steaks need to finish over gentle heat to cook through properly. Cooked over high heat from start to finish, the steak will burn on the outside before the inside is cooked.

    • BURNT AND DRY
      To take the adventure out of grilling, use an instant-read thermometer to check the steak's temperature. Or else you might end up with steak like this.

    WHEN IS YOUR STEAK DONE?

    What’s the best way to check a steak for doneness?
    Judging whether red meat is done is not an exact science, even with an instant-read thermometer. That’s because as meat rests, the temperature continues to climb. Hold the steak with tongs and insert the thermometer through the side of the meat. Use the temperatures below to know when to take your steak off the grill. Let the cooked steaks rest on a platter—covered loosely with foil to keep them warm—for 5 minutes so the juices can distribute evenly.
    • RARE
      Pull the Steak: 120 degrees
      Serving Temperature: 125 degrees
    • MEDIUM-RARE
      Pull the Steak: 125 degrees
      Serving Temperature: 130 degrees
    • MEDIUM
      Pull the Steak: 135 degrees
      Serving Temperature: 140 degrees

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